house roof aerial view with wind damage

Wind Damage to Roof (Signs, Repairs, & Advice)


Posted By: Bondoc

Posted Date


Your home is your sanctuary, a place where you feel safe and protected from the outside world. However, Mother Nature can have other plans. One of the most common forms of damage homeowners face is caused by wind.

Wind damage to your roof can be a significant concern, as it not only compromises the integrity of your shelter but can also lead to costly repairs if not addressed promptly. Not sure how to deal with it? We’ve got your back. In this detailed guide, we’ll explain:

  • The various aspects of wind damage to your roof
  • Common signs of damage
  • Repair methods
  • Associated costs

Ready to kiss roof damage goodbye? Keep reading to find out how.

Your Guide to Wind Speeds

Understanding the wind speeds that can cause damage to your roof is crucial for proactive protection. Different types of roofs and their materials can withstand varying wind speeds. Here are some general guidelines to consider:

  • Low Wind Speeds (Up to 45 mph): Low wind speeds are unlikely to cause significant damage to a well-maintained roof. However, they may dislodge loose shingles or roofing materials.
  • Moderate Wind Speeds (45-60 mph): Roofs with missing or damaged shingles are at risk of further deterioration in moderate winds. Gusting winds can exacerbate existing issues and lead to leaks.
  • High Wind Speeds (60-75 mph): High wind speeds can cause substantial damage to roofs, especially if they are old or poorly maintained. Shingles may be torn off, and structural damage can occur.
  • Severe Wind Speeds (75+ mph): At these wind speeds, even well-maintained roofs can sustain significant damage. Entire sections of the roof may be compromised, leading to leaks and other structural issues.

It’s essential to know the wind speed ratings of your roofing materials and ensure your roof is in good condition to withstand typical wind speeds in your region. Regular inspections can help identify vulnerabilities before they lead to extensive damage.

Common Signs of a Wind-Damaged Roof

Detecting wind damage early is crucial to prevent further deterioration and costly repairs. Here are some common signs to watch out for:

  • Missing Shingles: High winds can lift and tear shingles from your roof, leaving bare spots exposed to the elements. Missing shingles are a clear indicator of wind damage.
  • Curling or Buckling Shingles: Shingles that have been subjected to strong winds may curl or buckle, losing their flat, protective surface. This compromises their ability to keep water out.
  • Cracked or Broken Shingles: Wind can cause shingles to crack or break, creating openings for water infiltration. Look for any visible signs of damage.
  • Water Leaks: If you notice water stains on your ceiling or walls, it could indicate that wind damage has compromised your roof’s integrity, allowing moisture to seep in.
  • Loose or Damaged Flashing: Wind can also affect the flashing around chimneys, vents, and skylights. Damaged flashing can lead to leaks and should be repaired promptly.
  • Granule Loss: Check your gutters for an excessive buildup of granules, which are small, gravel-like particles that protect shingles. Loss of granules indicates shingle wear and tear, often caused by wind damage.
  • Debris on the Roof: After a windstorm, inspect your roof for any debris like branches, leaves, or other foreign objects. These can damage your roofing material and lead to leaks if left unchecked.

6 Steps to Repair Wind Damage

Once you’ve identified wind damage to your roof, it’s crucial to take swift action to prevent further problems. Repairing wind damage typically involves the following steps:

1) Safety First

Safety is paramount when dealing with roof repairs. If you’re not comfortable with heights or roofing work, it’s best to hire a professional. Always use proper safety equipment, including harnesses and helmets, when working on your roof.

2) Temporary Fixes

If you’re unable to immediately repair the damage, you can use temporary fixes like tarpaulins or roofing cement to prevent further water infiltration. However, these should only be temporary measures until proper repairs can be made.

3) Replace Missing Shingles

For missing or damaged shingles, carefully remove any remaining loose shingles and replace them with new ones. Ensure that the replacement shingles match the existing ones in color and style.

4) Seal Cracks and Gaps

Use roofing cement or sealant to fill in cracks and gaps in damaged shingles or flashing. This will help prevent water from entering your home.

5) Inspect for Hidden Damage

Don’t forget to check the roof deck and underlying materials for hidden damage. If you find extensive structural issues, consult a professional for a comprehensive assessment.

6) Regular Maintenance

To prevent future wind damage, make a habit of regularly inspecting your roof and performing necessary maintenance tasks, such as cleaning gutters, securing loose materials, and trimming overhanging branches.

The Cost of Repairing Your Roof

The cost of repairing wind damage to your roof can vary significantly based on several factors, including the extent of the damage, the type of roofing materials, and your location. Here’s a rough estimate of potential costs:

  • Minor Repairs: If the damage is minimal and limited to a few missing or damaged shingles, you may spend a few hundred dollars on materials and DIY repairs.
  • Moderate Damage: For moderate wind damage that requires replacing multiple shingles or fixing flashing, the cost could range from $500 to $1,500, depending on the extent of the damage.
  • Major Repairs: If your roof has sustained severe wind damage that affects the structural integrity, you may be looking at costs ranging from $2,000 to $5,000 or more. In some cases, a full roof replacement may be necessary, which can cost $5,000 to $15,000 or higher, depending on the size and complexity of your roof.
  • Professional Services: Hiring a professional roofing contractor can add to the overall cost. However, their expertise ensures that repairs are done correctly, potentially saving you money in the long run by preventing further damage and improving the longevity of your roof.
  • Insurance Coverage: If you have homeowners’ insurance, wind damage may be covered, depending on your policy. Contact your insurance company to assess your coverage and file a claim if necessary.

Get Help With Your Roof Repair

Wind damage to your roof is a common challenge for homeowners, but with vigilance, regular maintenance, and swift action when damage occurs, you can protect your home from further harm. When in doubt, consult a professional roofing contractor to assess and address wind damage to your roof effectively.

When you need a quality roofer that you can trust to stop damage at the source, you need Bondoc Roofing! Contact us today to get started. 

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